There were no changes to the capital allowance rules in the 2020–2021 Federal Budget. This means that the depreciation rules as currently legislated will not change.
This is not a surprise, given the ability of pretty much all businesses to claim an outright deduction for new asset purchases from 7 October 2020 to 30 June 2022.
Note, though, that as part of its response to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Government had earlier enacted to allow businesses with aggregated turnover of less than $500 million in an income year to deduct capital allowances for depreciating assets at an accelerated rate. This is a temporary measure – it is due to finish on 30 June 2021.
It is worth revisiting these rules because there may be acquisitions that may fall outside the outright deduction rules but still qualify for depreciation (eg certain second-hand goods). The rules still have an ongoing relevance for acquisitions made on or before 6 October 2020.
To be eligible for the accelerated depreciation, the depreciating asset must be:
- new and not previously held by another entity (other than as trading stock or for the purposes of reasonable testing or trialling) – this excludes most second-hand assets;
- first held on or after 12 March 2020 (a post-11 March 2020 asset); and
- first used or first installed ready for use for a taxable purpose on or after 12 March 2020 and before 1 July 2021.
A depreciating asset will not qualify for the accelerated depreciation if:
- the decline in value of the asset has already been deducted under the instant asset write-off rules;
- the decline in value of the asset is worked out using low-value and software development pools; or
- the decline in value of the asset is worked using Subdiv 40-F of ITAA 1997 (ie certain primary production depreciating assets).
In terms of working out the accelerated depreciation, different rules apply depending on whether or not an entity is using the simplified rules for capital allowances for small businesses.
An entity with aggregated turnover of less than $500 million in the income year that does not use the simplified depreciation rules may deduct an amount at an accelerated rate for qualifying assets. The amount the entity can deduct in the income year the asset is first used or installed ready for use for a taxable purpose is:
- 50% of the cost (or adjustable value where applicable) of the depreciating asset; and
- the amount of the usual depreciation deduction that would otherwise apply but calculated after first offsetting a decline in value of 50%.
A small business entity (with aggregated turnover less than $10 million in the income year) that uses the simplified depreciation rules may deduct an amount equal to 57.5% (rather than 15%) of the taxable purpose proportion of the adjusted value of a qualifying depreciating asset added to the general small business pool in an income year.